Bazira Barikot is located near the Swat River in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is located about 20 km (12 mi) away from Mingora and the Butkara Stupa. It is the location captured by Alexander the Great, with Chalcolithic remains dating back to c. 1700 BCE, and an early-historic period town dating back to c. 500 BCE. Directorate of Archaoelogy and Museums Peshawar has been excavating ruins of the ancient town of Bazira under Barikot since 1984 with the collaboration of Italian Archaeological Mission founded by Giuseppe Tucci .